Arizona Ash Tree

Arizona Ash Tree – How To Grow, Leaves, Cost & What You Need To Know

To the ordinary man, the Arizona Ash tree is an excellent tree for shade. He must have seen this tree planted in private compounds, parks and such places, where the tree has likely been planted to provide shade.

A more detailed breakdown of what the Arizona Ash tree is followed below:

Arizona Ash Tree

The Arizona Ash tree is a highly valued tree in the field of horticulture. It is a deciduous tree, most commonly used in landscaping to provide shade. For those who do not know, a deciduous tree, in the fields of horticulture and botany, means “falling off at maturity” and “tending to fall off”. What this means is that the Arizona Ash tree, like other trees in its broad family of trees and shrubs, seasonally sheds its leaves, usually in the autumn. Members of this family of plants are also known for the shedding of petals, after flowering; and to the shedding of fruit after ripening.

This beautiful-looking tree is also known by a number of alternative names, which include desert ash, smooth ash, leatherleaf ash, velvet ash as well as Fresno ash. Arizona ash, is mostly found in the southwestern United States (Particularly Texas, Tennesse) and some areas of Mexico, is suitable for growing in USDA plant hardiness zones 7 through 11. The plant is known to survive temperatures as low as 17 degrees Celcius.

Arizona Ash Tree
Arizona Ash Tree

Arizona Ash Tree Information Arizona ash (Fraximus velutina) is a tree that has deep green leaves, and that grows upright, with a rounded canopy of deep green leaves. Although the tree is relatively short-lived, it may survive up to 50 years with proper care. Arizona ash trees are well known to reach heights of 40 to 50 feet (12-15 m.) and widths of 30 to 40 feet (9-12 m.). When planted together they can produce an impressive canopy quite similar to those of come tropical rain-forests.

Young Arizona ash trees plants often have smooth, light gray bark that gradually turns rougher, darker, and more textural as the tree grows to maturity. This deciduous tree provides great shade in summer which is beneficial to both humans and wildlife, with bright golden-yellow leaves in fall or early winter depending on the location. The fallen leaves are also immensely beneficial to the ecosystem because their decomposition will immediately provide nutrients or compost manure to the soil. The fallen leaves also provide habitat for some insect life that lives on the floor.

How To Grow Arizona Ash Tree

When newly planted, the Arizona Ash tree needs frequent watering. As a matter of fact, the chances of surviving the first year without frequent watering are quite low. But after the first year, the Arizona ash tree is relatively drought resistant, but still performs best with regular water, particularly during hot, dry weather.

As per the soil, the Arizona Ash tree is not particularly selective about soil types. Ordinary soil is good enough. A layer of decomposing leaves will be beneficial to keep the soil moist. The Arizona Ash tree will usually handle this on its own by shedding leaves which can help boost the soil. Moderate soil temperature is also a beneficial factor.  Arizona ash trees also need full sunlight, which means that this is not a tree you plant under the shade of another tree and before you plant you should ensure that the position will not cause it the sunlight to be obstructed by buildings or any other reason. It must also be stated that this tree can be sensitive to extreme desert heat and needs its full canopy (no pruning) to provide shade. The trees rarely need to be pruned, but it’s a good idea to consult a professional so as to do it in a way that will not hinder growth if you think that pruning is absolutely necessary.

If the canopy is too thin, perhaps as a result of pruning wrongly done, Arizona ash trees are prone to sunscald. That is just a fancy word for the top branches looking burnt by the sun. Part of your Arizona ash tree care regimen will include feeding the tree once every year using a slow-release dry fertilizer, preferably in autumn. Naturalists can also use manure or compost buried just below the surface of the soil. Arizona ash is prone to fungal disease in warm, humid weather. The fungus attacks and damages new, small leaves and can actually wipe out a tree’s canopy, particularly in spring. However, the disease attack is not deadly, and the tree will generally recover in the following year.

As mentioned earlier the tree is drought-resistant but grows best with occasional, deep irrigation particularly during the hot, dry season. This tree, when planted near permanent bodies of water has been known to grow into an impressive dark green canopy, irrespective of the temperature.  This tree is hardy to about ten degrees Fahrenheit which is 17 degrees Celcius. To get the best out of this tree plant it in full sun and well-draining soil. SO even if it is to be planted near a permanent body of water, it should give a distance of about 20 meters, so as to ensure that its immediate soil is well drained, but at the same time, its roots will find their way closer to the water to ensure that the tree is well supplied with the much-needed water. Please remember that only careful pruning and branch selection, preferably done by a professional will do. This will ensure a strong trunk and stable branch growth.

Another interesting feature of this plant is that it is fast growing. It stands at over 7 feet in just over 3 years. Also, Its flowers are dioecious, this means that male and female flower blooms form on separate trees. Male trees produce tiny but bountiful flowers in the spring that can cause a mess. Female trees, on the other hand, drop a winged fruit that resembles a maple seed.

In the natural world, the Arizona ash is found in a few exclusive locations: it is native to California, Texas, and Arizona. It is also a native plant in Mexico, ranging from northern Baja California east to Coahuila and Nuevo Leon, where it grows naturally along canyons and water sources at between 2,000 to 6,000 feet in elevation.

Related: 

Tag: How To Grow Arizona Ash Tree Leaves and Cost

Leave a Reply